Everything from the way the grapes are transported from the vineyard to the cellar to the refinements and bottling is heavily controlled. Find your local Eataly to taste with us at our restaurants, or shop online at Eatalyvino.com to bring home a bottle (or two) today! Italy has 20 winemaking regions and uses over 350 native types of grapes to make wine. How to Decode Spanish Wine Labels and Classifications, The Difference Between Parmesan and Parmigiano-Reggiano. Italian wine laws and classifications were introduced in Italy in the 1960s. It’s important to remember that while it is technically classed as below DOC, some of the best Italian wine is labelled as IGT. At the moment you can gain access to 1283 descriptions of different types of wines … … Barolo: Dry, full-bodied, magisterial wine from Nebbiolo grapes in the Barolo area of Piedmont. 0. This now covers more than 100 types of wines, including Super-Tuscan and varietally labeled Italian wines. Wines in this category have been made under the highest level of restrictions. These suggestions may get you started on an Italian wine list, but know that these are just a few of Italy’s many wine varieties. Posted on 23 July 2019. Over 60% of the world’s Barbera vineyards … Though many of Italy’s wines remain simple, food-friendly wines ideal for everyday drinking, the … 70,000 Acres – Piedmont – Barbera is the most produced Italian red wine of Piedmont. The best known Italian sparkling wine is prosecco. Understanding Italian Wine Labels: What Are DOC, DOCG, IGT and VdT? If you see these letters on a bottle, then it is a guarantee of both quality and that the wine’s flavor perfectly expresses a single territory’s characteristics. This led to the 1992 Goria Law, named for Minister of Agriculture Giovanni Goria. Italian Appellation System (Italian Wine Classification) Italy is home to some of the oldest and most charming wine producing regions in the world. DOC or Denominazione di Origine Controllata is the main tier of classification for Italian wine and covers most types of traditional wine of Italy. These wines are subject to much stricter wines than the latter option and are thus considered top of all the classifications. The Main Types of Italian Sparkling Wines. Spend just $99.00 more and enjoy free shipping. Vino da Tavola, now renamed simply Vino is the most basic classification of Italian wine. Italian wine classifications. Based across Italy, London, and Copenhagen, Marco is a globetrotting sommelier and wine marketeer with a particular passion for Italian wine, particularly those from Tuscany. Many of the best wines are from the Alba or Asti zones. Tuscany and Piedmont carry the most DOCG wines in Italy. Basically, Italy takes its wine very seriously. Top Italian white wine types. Some Italian … The classification of wine can be done according to various methods including place of origin or appellation, vinification methods and style, sweetness and vintage, or variety used. These letters are given to different wines depending on how the grapes are grown and the wine … JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Among several other changes, the Goria Law introduced the IGT category as a way to distinguish quality in wine, and put VDT back on the bottom of the four-tier labeling system. In the 1980s and 90s, some of the most respected Italian wines, such as Sassicaia and Tignanello, were labeled as Vino da Tavola. This designates wines that reside firmly on the "low end" of the totem pole. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Explore more cultural and culinary articles from some of Italy’s best chefs and writers! Italy’s wine culture is known for its vast number of grape varieties, and their incredibly complicated interconnections. Basically the equivalent of the French wine classification, Appellation d'Origine Controlee (AOC). Italy makes more wine than any other country in the world. Sign up for our newsletters and be the first to learn about the latest news and promotions! Since then, several modifications and additions to the … There are four classifications of wine produced in Italy. These table wines are often ubiquitous wines that are grown in specific geographical growing regions. Freelance writer and wine expert, author of ""Idiots Guides: Wine""; as well as several magazine and online articles. At first this new DOC system ( Denominazione di Origine) adhered rigidly to traditional methods. Three Italian red wines to buy for special occasions 1. Italian white wines tend to be fresh and zesty with fragrant floral and fruit flavours. DOCG and DOC labels on two wine bottles. The vino itself is seen as a guardian of tradition: a sort of time capsule for each year and a way to tell the story of every vintage. But Italian wine is much, much more. However, there are exceptions -- some of Italy's best wines (aka the "Super Tuscans") do fall under this category just to avoid more stringent regulations associated with DOC or DOCG and allow for more vineyard experimentation. Asti: Sparkling wine made from Moscato grapes around Asti, in Piedmont. Only a handful of wines achieve DOCG status. An Italian wine label will usually include certain information: the name of the winery, perhaps also the name of the vineyard that produced the grapes, the vintage (the year in which the wine was made), and … Devi effettuare l'accesso per aggiungere un prodotto ai preferiti, Copyright © 2015 - 2019 Eataly Net USA LLC - All Rights Reserved, Ravioli di Zucca (Butternut Squash Ravioli Recipe), Agnolotti in Brodo di Parmigiano Reggiano. Editor's note: This article by Marco Rossi first appeared on Great Italian Chefs. Some Italian whites are best known under the name of their denomination, like Gavi or Soave. In Italy, wine isn’t just a drink; it’s something that represents the history, society, food, geography, and the evolution of the country. … The wines are usually made in a larger production area and there’s more leeway for the producer to put their own ideas or quirks into the process. Compared to DOC wines, most DOCG rules reduce the allowable yield o… Imagine a place that is home to innovative trends in the vineyard, a huge number of micro-territories which link to many different and unique terroirs and a nation with the largest heritage of grapes on the planet, and you start to get an idea how special Italian wine is. The country is known for its beauty and history, but the wine is just as important; Italy was one of the first countries to start producing it, even before 700 BC. In 1963, the first official Italian system of classification of wines was launched. The Italian wine classification system, called “New Discipline of Original Location Certification”, is a lot like the system in France (see my blog series on French wine laws ). DOCG, DOC, IGT, VdT… a veritable alphabet zuppa of Italian wines. Some classifications enjoy official protection by being part of the wine … Italian Wine Classifications There is a hierarchy of Italian wine Classification. Barolo & Barbaresco. And it should–after all, they are a top exporter and wine is part of their entire cultural identity. Italy began developing its official wine classifications in the 1960s, modeled on the French appellation system. Comprised of Italian table wines, whose only criteria is that they must be produced somewhere in Italy. It is important to note that there are other classifications under the main four. Among white, or bianco, wine grapes, the two that are commonly recognized types of Italian wine among people in the U.S. are the Muscato and the Pinot Grigio. Their first classification system arrived in 1963, but … To Italy! Dolcetto: Dolcetto is a soft, fruity red grape variety grown only in Piedmont, where it is drunk young … Has complex aromas … These are not wines of finesse, they are explosive and among the richest, most decadent wines of the Boot, landing somewhere between a cult Napa Cabernet and a Port - yet remaining distinctly Italian. The Italian Wine Classification system (similar to the U.S. appellation system) is made up of four categories: This classification denotes the highest quality recognition for Italian wines. Barbera. There are currently over 300 DOC wines in Italy, all adhering to specific vineyard trellising, irrigation and vinification requirements detailing which grapes may be grown and where along with aging requirements and alcohol limits. • Created to bring out the common characteristics of an area slightly larger than a DOCG wine, • Wines are subject to a single control with chemical and physical analysis and only one tasting panel, • You often find both red and white varieties of the same DOC, • This type of wine is usually made in the territory’s traditional way. DOC: Denominazione di Origine Controllata The Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) and Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) system was first established in 1963 and today there are 329 different DOCs and 73 DOCGs. Which European country will inspire your culinary journey tonight? Wines that fall under the DOC category must be made in specified, government-defined zones, in accordance with particular regulations that are intended to preserve the wine's character that is uniquely derived from Italy's individual regions. Particularly versatile with food. Wine is so important to both the people and the Italian government that it soon became the country with the largest number of classifications (DOCG, DOC, and IGT in particular). Italian Wine Classifications Like many other wine producing countries Italy has a system of laws for classifying wines, supposedly to protect and help consumers choosing their wine. The climate is … … Deliciously sweet, low in … The original name translates to ‘table wine’  and is intended to distinguish it from region-specific wines. Italian wine labels, just like those from France and Spain, are required by law to show certain basic information (producer name, appellation, vintage, alcohol content and bottle volume).